RAFT polymerisation publications

The following publications detail the work involved in the development of CSIRO's RAFT polymerisation.

Contents

Key patents

Farnham WB, Moad G, Thang SH, Rizzardo E, Fryd M, 2007, 'Method for removing Sulfur-Containing End Groups', U.S. Patent Number 2007/0225447 A1 - Publication Number WO/2005/113612 - EP 1751194B1.

Le T, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2007, 'Polymerization with Living Characteristics', U.S. Patent Number 7,250,479 B2 - Publication Number WO/1998/001478 - AU 97/36033 - EP 910587.

Chiefari J, Mayadunne RTA, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2003, 'Polymerization Process with Living Characteristics and Polymers Made Therefrom', U.S. Patent Number 6,642,318 B1 - Publication Number WO/1999/031144 - AU 9919113 - EP 1054906.

Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Moad G, 2003, 'Synthesis of dithioester chain transfer agents and use of bis(thioacyl) disulfides or dithioesters as chain transfer agents', U.S. Patent Number 6,512,081 - Publication Number WO/1999/005099 - AU 9883257 - EP 1149075.

Key reviews

Rizzardo E, Moad G, Thang SH, 2009, 'Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer Polymerization', Encyclopaedia of Polymer Science and Technology.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2008, 'Toward living radical polymerization', Accounts of Chemical Research, 41: 1133-1142.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2008, 'Radical addition-fragmentation chemistry in polymer synthesis', Polymer, 49: 1079-1131.

Mayadunne RTA, Rizzardo E, 2006, 'Mechanistic and practical aspects of RAFT polymerization,
Living and Controlled Polymerization Synthesis', Characterization and Properties of the Respective Polymers and Copolymers, 65-107.

Moad G, Rizzardo, E, Thang, SH, 2006, 'Living radical polymerization by the RAFT process – A first update', Australian Journal of Chemistry, 59: 669-692.

Moad G, Rizzardo, E, Thang, SH, 2005, 'Living radical polymerization by the RAFT process', Australian Journal of Chemistry, 58: 379-410.

Chiefari, J, Rizzardo E, 2002, 'Control of Free Radical Polymerization by Chain Transfer Methods', In: Handbook of Radical Polymerisation, Davis TP, Matyjaszewski K (eds), John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York.

Key original papers

Chiefari J, Mayadunne RTA, Moad CL, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Postma A, Skidmore MA, Thang SH, 2003, 'Thiocarbonylthio Compounds (SC(Z)S-R) in Free Radical Polymerization with Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer (RAFT Polymerization). Effect of the Activating Group Z', Macromolecules, 36: 2273-2283.

Chong YK, Krstina J, Le TPT, Moad G, Postma A, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2003, 'Thiocarbonylthio Compounds [SC(Ph)S-R] in Free Radical Polymerization with Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer (RAFT Polymerization). Role of the Free-Radical Leaving Group (R)', Macromolecules, 36: 2256-2272.

Mayadunne RTA, Jeffery J, Moad G, Rizzardo E, 2003, 'Living Free Radical Polymerization with Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer (RAFT Polymerization): Approaches to Star Polymers', Macromolecules, 36: 1505-1513.

Mayadunne RTA, Rizzardo E, Chiefari J, Krstina J, Moad G, Postma A, Thang SH, 2000, 'Living Polymers by the Use of Trithiocarbonates as Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer (RAFT) Agents: ABA Triblock Copolymers by Radical Polymerization in Two Steps', Macromolecules, 33: 243-245.

Chong YK, Le TPT, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1999, 'A More Versatile Route to Block Copolymers and Other Polymers of Complex Architecture by Living Radical Polymerization: The RAFT Process', Macromolecules, 32: 2071-2074.

Hawthorne DG, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1999, 'Living Radical Polymerization with Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer (RAFT): Direct ESR Observation of Intermediate Radicals', Macromolecules, 32: 5457-5459.

Mayadunne RTA, Rizzardo E, Chiefari J, Chong YK, Moad G, Thang SH, 1999, 'Living Radical Polymerization with Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer (RAFT Polymerization) Using Dithiocarbamates as Chain Transfer Agents', Macromolecules, 32: 6977-6980.

Chiefari J, Chong YK, Ercole F, Krstina J, Jeffery J, Le TPT, Mayadunne RTA, Meijs GF, Moad CL, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1998,'Living Free-Radical Polymerization by Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer: The RAFT Process', Macromolecules, 31: 5559-5562.

Remaining patents

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2007, 'Process for synthesizing thiol terminated polymers', 2007-US4830, 2007100719, 20070223.

Moad G, Simon GP, Dean KM, Li G, Mayadunne RTA, Rizzardo E, Evans RA, Wermter H, Pfaendner R, 2004, 'Acrylic dispersing agents in nanocomposites', 2004-EP51098, 2004113436, 20040614.

Such CH, Rizzardo E, Serelis AK, Hawkett BS, Gilbert RG, Ferguson CJ, Hughes RJ, 2003, 'Aqueous dispersions of polymer particles', 2002-AU1735, 2003055919, 20021220.

Berge CT, Chiefari J, Johnson JW, Mau A, Mayadunne RTA, Moad CL, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Swiegers G, Thang SH, Wilson G, 2001, 'Microgel synthesis and products produced therefrom', 2001-US11386, 2001077198, 20010406.

Rizzardo E, Meijs GF, Thang SH, 2001, 'Producing polymers or oligomers of controlled molecular weight and end group functionalities', 97-828201, 6197905, 19970321.

Berge CT, Fryd M, Johnson JW, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Scopazzi C, Thang SH, 2000, 'Microgels and process for their preparation', 99-US15538, 2000002939, 19990709.

Chiefari J, Mayadunne, RTA, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1999, 'Polymerization with living characteristics with controlled dispersity using chain transfer agents', 98-US26428, 9931144, 19981211.

Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Moad G, Berge CT, 1999, 'Addition polymers formed from allylic chain transfer agents', 98-74438, 5977278, 19980507.

Rizzardo E, Meijs GF, Thang SH, 1999, 'Free-radical chain transfer polymerization process', 97-823299, 5932675, 19970321.

Anderson AG, Gridnev AA, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1998, 'Polymerization initiators for controlling polymer molecular weight and structure', 98-US601, 9830601, 19980107.

Chiefari J, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Gridnev AA, 1998, 'Method of macromonomer synthesis', 98-US7069, 9847927, 19980409.

Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1997, 'Vinyl compounds in radical polymerization for polymer molecular weight control and end-group functionality', 94-79029, 682408, 19941125.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Moad CL, Ittel SD, Wilczek L, Gridnev AA, 1997, 'Catalytic polymerization process and the resulting polymers with terminal unsaturation', 97-US2912, 9731030, 19970218.

Evans RA, Rizzardo E, Moad G, 1996, 'Preparation of methylene-containing cyclic thio monomers and polymers', 95-AU859, 9619471, 19951218.

Moad G, Moad CL, Krstina J, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Fryd M, 1996, 'Polymerization in aqueous media in the presence of cobalt complexes', 95-US14429, 9615158, 19951108.

Moad G, Moad CL, Krstina J, Rizzardo E, Berge CT, Darling TR, 1996, 'Preparation of block copolymer with low dispersity by radical polymerization', 95-US14428, 9615157, 19951108.

Rizzardo E, Meijs GF, Thang SH, 1996, 'Vinyl peroxide chain-transfer agents and their use for preparation of low-molecular-weight and end-group-functional polymers', 94-64500, 672298, 19940603.

Ma S-H, Thang SH, Rizzardo E, Moad G, 1995, 'Aqueous dispersions containing cyclopolymer dispersants for use as inks', 94-US8645, 9504109, 19940729.

Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Moad G, Berge CT, 1995, 'Allylic chain transfer agents', 94-AU672, 9512568, 19941102.

Rizzardo E, Roberts C, 1995, 'Polymers from 1,1'-oxalylbis(2,3-dihydroindole-2,3-dione) compounds and their manufacture', 94-AU589, 9509193, 19940930.

Thang SH, Rizzardo E, Moad G, 1995, 'Cyclopolymerisation monomers and polymers', 94-AU433, 9504026, 19940729.

Rizzardo E, Meijs GF, Thang SH, 1994, 'Compounds for control of molecular weight and end group functionality in preparation of polymers', 91-75079, 652357, 19910417.

Rizzardo E, Evans RA, Moad G, Thang SH, 1994, 'Methylene group-containing heterocyclic monomers for ring-opening polymerization initiated by free radicals', 93-AU667, 9414792, 19931221.

Gunatillake PA, Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, 1992, 'Preparation of low-molecular-weight polyoxyalkylenes', 91-AU545, 9209647, 19911126.

Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, Brandwood A, Gunatillake P, Schindhelm KH, 1992, 'Preparation of (polyurea-)urethane rubbers for medical use', 91-AU270, 9200338, 19910626.

Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, 1992, 'Polymerization regulation by thiocarbonyl group-containing compounds', 92-AU29, 9213903, 19920131.

Rizzardo E, Meijs GF, Thang SH, 1991, 'Control of molecular weight and end group functionality in polymers using unsaturated peroxy compounds as chain transfer agents', 90-AU523, 9106535, 19901030.

Rizzardo E, Meijs GF, Thang SH, 1988, 'Control of molecular weight and end group functionality of polymers', 87-AU412, 8804304, 19871204.

Beech DR, Cook WD, Rizzardo E, Smail MC, 1986, 'Dental adhesives', 86-3613947 3613947, 19860424.

Solomon DH, Rizzardo E, Cacioli P, 1985, 'Free radical polymerization and the produced polymers', 84-304756 135280, 19840711.

Remaining publications

Chen M, Ghiggino KP, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Wilson GJ, 2008, 'Controlled synthesis of luminescent polymers using a bis-dithiobenzoate RAFT agent', Chemical Communications, 9: 1112-1114.

Moad G, Chong YK, Skidmore MA, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2008, 'Advances in raft polymerization: improved nanostrucured materials', Polymer Preprints (American Chemical Society, Division of Polymer Chemistry), 49: 293-294.

Moad G, Chong YK, Mulder R, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2008, 'New features of the mechanism of RAFT polymerization', Polymer Preprints (American Chemical Society, Division of Polymer Chemistry), 49: 207-208.

Rizzardo E, Moad G, Thang SH, 2008, 'RAFT polymerization in bulk monomer or in (organic) solution', Handbook of RAFT Polymerization, 189-234.

Chong YK, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2007, 'Thiocarbonylthio end group removal from RAFT-synthesized polymers by radical-induced reduction', Macromolecules, 40: 4446-4455.

Chong YK, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Skidmore MA, Thang SH, 2007, 'Reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer polymerization of methyl methacrylate in the presence of lewis acids: An approach to stereocontrolled living radical polymerization', Macromolecules, 40: 9262-9271.

Rizzardo E, Chen M, Chong B, Moad G, Skidmore MA, Thang SH, 2007, 'RAFT polymerization: adding to the picture', Macromolecular Symposia, 248: 104-116.

Barner-Kowollik C, Buback M, Charleux B, Coote ML, Drache M, Fukuda T, Goto A, Klumperman B, Lowe AB, Mcleary JB, Moad G, Monteiro MJ, Sanderson RD, Tonge, 2006, 'Mechanism and kinetics of dithiobenzoate-mediated RAFT polymerization. I. The current situation', Journal of Polymer Science, Part A Polymer Chemistry, 44: 5809-5831.

Chong B, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Skidmore MA, Thang SH, 2006, 'Thermolysis of RAFT-synthesized poly(methyl methacrylate)', Australian Journal of Chemistry, 59: 755-762.

Mayadunne RTA, Rizzardo E, 2006, 'Mechanistic and practical aspects of RAFT polymerization. Living and Controlled Polymerization Synthesis, Characterization and Properties of the Respective', Polymers and Copolymers, 65-107.

Moad G, Li G, Pfaendner R, Postma A, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Wermter H, 2006, 'RAFT copolymerization and its application to the synthesis of novel dispersants-intercalants-exfoliants for polymer-clay nanocomposites some interesting results from RAFT (co)polymerization', ACS Symposium Series 2006, Controlled/Living Radical Polymerization, 944: 514-532.

Postma A, Davis TP, Li GX, Moad G, O'Shea MS, 2006, 'RAFT polymerization with phthalimidomethyl trithiocarbonates or xanthates. On the origin of bimodal molecular weight distributions in living radical polymerization', Macromolecules, 39: 5307-5318.

Postma A, Davis TP, Evans RA, Li GX, Moad G, O'Shea MS, 2006, 'Synthesis of well-defined polystyrene with primary amine end groups through the use of phthalimido-functional RAFT agents', Macromolecules, 39: 5293-5306.

Prescott SW, Ballard MJ, Rizzardo E, Gilbert RG, 2006, 'Rate optimization in controlled radical emulsion polymerization using RAFT', Macromolecular Theory and Simulations, 15: 70-86.

Benaglia M, Rizzardo E, Alberti A, Guerra M, 2005, 'Searching for more effective agents and conditions for the RAFT polymerization of MMA: Influence of dithioester substituents, solvent, and temperature', Macromolecules, 38: 3129-3140.

Chiefari J, Jeffery J, Krstina J, Moad CL, Moad G, Postma A, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2005, 'Binary copolymerization with catalytic chain transfer, A method for synthesizing macromonomers based on monosubstituted monomers', Macromolecules, 38: 9037-9054.

Harrisson S, Barner-Kowollik C, Davis TP, Evans R, Rizzardo E, Stenzel M, Yin M, 2005, 'Remarkable solvent effects of oxygen- and sulfur-containing compounds on the propagation rate of methyl methacrylate', Zeitschrift Fur Physikalische Chemie-International, Journal of Research in Physical Chemistry & Chemical Physics, 219: 267-281.

Micallef AS, Blinco JP, George GA, Reid DA, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Bottle SE, 2005, 'The application of a novel profluorescent nitroxide to monitor thermo-oxidative degradation of polypropylene', Polymer Degradation and Stability, 89: 427-435.

Moad G, Li GX, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Pfaendner R, Wermter H, 2005, 'RAFT copolymerization and its application to the synthesis of novel disperants/intercalants/exfoliants for polymer-clay nanocomposites', 230th National Meeting of the American-Chemical-Society, Washington, DC, 28 Aug-01 Sep, pp.628.

Moad G, Chong YK, Postma A, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2005, 'Advances in RAFT polymerization: the synthesis of polymers with defined end-groups', Polymer, 46: 8458-8468.

Prescott SW, Ballard MJ, Rizzardo E, Gilbert RG, 2005, 'Radical loss in RAFT-mediated emulsion polymerizations', Macromolecules, 38: 4901-4912.

Chen M, Ghiggino KP, Mau AWH, Rizzardo E, Sasse WHF, Thang SH, Wilson GJ, 2004, 'Synthesis of functionalized RAFT agents for light harvesting macromolecules', Macromolecules, 37: 5479-5481.

Hutson L, Krstina J, Moad CL, Moad G, Morrow GR, Postma A, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2004, 'Chain transfer activity of omega-unsaturated methacrylic oligomers in polymerizations of methacrylic monomers', Macromolecules, 37: 4441-4452.

Schilli CM, Zhang MF, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Chong YK, Edwards K, Karlsson G, Muller AHE, 2004, 'A new double-responsive block copolymer synthesized via RAFT polymerization: Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-block-poly(acrylic acid)', Macromolecules, 37: 7861-7866.

Chen M, Ghiggino KP, Launikonis A, Mau AWH, Rizzardo E, Sasse WHF, Thang SH, Wilson GJ, 2003, 'RAFT synthesis of linear and star-shaped light harvesting polymers using di- and hexafunctional ruthenium polypyridine reagents', Journal of Materials Chemistry, 13: 2696-2700.

Moad G, Mayadunne RTA, Rizzardo E, Skidmore M, Thang SH, 2003, 'Kinetics and mechanism of RAFT polymerization', ACS Symposium Series, Advances in Controlled/Living Radical Polymerization, 854: 520-535.

Moad G, Mayadunne RTA, Rizzardo E, Skidmore M, Thang SH, 2003, 'Synthesis of novel architectures by radical polymerization with reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT polymerization)', Macromolecular Symposia, 192: 1-12.

Schilli CM, Mueller AHE, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Chong YK, 2003, 'RAFT polymers: Novel precursors for polymer-protein conjugates', ACS Symposium Series, Advances in Controlled/Living Radical Polymerization, 854: 603-618.

Chen M, Ghiggino KP, Mau AWH, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Wilson GJ, 2002, 'Synthesis of light harvesting polymers by RAFT methods', Chemical Communications, 19: 2276-2277.

Harrisson S, Davis TP, Evans RA, Rizzardo E, 2002, 'Pulsed laser copolymerization of ring-opening cyclic allylic sulfide monomers with methyl methacrylate and styrene', Macromolecules, 35: 2474-2480.

Harrisson S, Davis TP, Evans RA, Rizzardo E, 2002, 'Substituent effects on the chain-transfer behavior of 7-methylene-2-methyl-1,5-dithiacyclooctane in the presence of disulfides and thiols', Journal of Polymer Science, Part A Polymer Chemistry, 40: 4421-4425.

Mayadunne RTA, Moad G, Rizzardo E, 2002, 'Multiarm organic compounds for use as reversible chain-transfer agents in living radical polymerizations', Tetrahedron Letters, 43: 6811-6814.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2002, 'Kinetics and mechanism of RAFT polymerization', Polymer Preprints, American Chemical Society, Division of Polymer Chemistry, 43: 114-115.

Moad G, Chiefari J, Mayadunne RTA, Moad, CL, Postma A, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2002, 'Initiating free radical polymerization', Macromolecular Symposia, 65-80.

Quinn JF, Rizzardo E, Barner L, Barner-Kowollik, C, Davis TP, 2002, 'Reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization initiated with ultraviolet and gamma radiation: A comparison', Polymer Preprints, American Chemical Society, Division of Polymer Chemistry, 43: 319-320.

Quinn JF, Barner L, Davis TP, Thang SH, Rizzardo E, 2002, 'Living free radical polymerisation under a constant source of gamma radiation - an example of reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer or reversible termination?', Macromolecular Rapid Communications, 23: 717-721.

Quinn JF, Barner L, Barner-Kowollik C, Rizzardo E, Davis TP, 2002, 'Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer Polymerization Initiated with Ultraviolet Radiation', Macromolecules, 35: 7620-7627.

Prescott SW, Ballard MJ, Rizzardo E, Gilbert RG, 2002, 'Successful Use of RAFT Techniques in Seeded Emulsion Polymerization of Styrene: Living Character, RAFT Agent Transport, and Rate of Polymerization', Macromolecules, 35: 5417-5425.

Prescott SW, Ballard MJ, Rizzardo E, Gilbert RG, 2002, 'RAFT in emulsion polymerization: what makes it different?', Australian Journal of Chemistry, 55: 415-424.

Schilli CM, Mueller AHE, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Chong BYK, 2002, 'Controlled radical polymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide and of activated esters for the synthesis of polymer-protein and polymer-drug conjugates', Polymer Preprints, American Chemical Society, Division of Polymer Chemistry, 43: 687-688.

Cass P, Pratt K, Mann T, Laslett B, Rizzardo E, 2001, 'Replacement of benzene with regulators for the catalyzed polymerization of 1,3-butadiene to high cis-1,4-polybutadiene', Journal of Polymer Science, Part A Polymer Chemistry, 39: 2244-2255.

Cass P, Pratt K, Fairhall K, Laslett B, Rizzardo E, 2001, 'Active-center equilibrium in Ziegler-Natta butadiene polymerization', Journal of Polymer Science, Part A Polymer Chemistry, 39: 2256-2261.

Goto A, Sato K, Tsujii Y, Fukuda T, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2001, 'Mechanism and kinetics of RAFT-based living radical polymerizations of styrene and methyl methacrylate', Macromolecules , 34: 402-408.

Harrisson S, Davis TP, Evans RA, Rizzardo E, 2001, 'Copolymerization Behavior of 7-Methylene-2-methyl-1,5-dithiacyclooctane: Reversible Cross-Propagation', Macromolecules, 34: 3869-3876.

Quinn JF, Davis TP, Rizzardo E, 2001, 'Ambient temperature reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization', Chemical Communications, *11, 1044-1045.

Quinn JF, Barner L, Rizzardo E, Davis TP, 2001, 'Living free-radical polymerization of styrene under a constant source of gamma radiation', Journal of Polymer Science, Part A Polymer Chemistry, 40: 19-25.

Rizzardo E, Chiefari J, Mayadunne RTA, Moad G, Thang SH, 2001, 'Tailored polymer architectures by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer', Macromolecular Symposia, 174: 209-212.

Chiefari J, Jeffery J, Mayadunne RTA, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2000, 'Preparation of macromonomers via chain transfer with and without added chain transfer agent', ACS Symposium Series , Controlled/Living Radical Polymerization, 768: 297-312.

Darling TR, Davis TP, Fryd M, Gridnev AA, Haddleton DM, Ittel SD, Matheson RR Jr, Moad G, Rizzardo E, 2000, 'Living polymerization: rationale for uniform terminology', Journal of Polymer Science, Part A Polymer Chemistry, 38: 1709.

Evans RA, Rizzardo E, 2000, 'Free-Radical Ring-Opening Polymerization of Cyclic Allylic Sulfides. 2. Effect of Substituents on Seven- and Eight-Membered Ring Low Shrink Monomers', Macromolecules, 33: 6722-6731.

Evans RA, Rizzardo E, 2000, 'Free radical ring-opening polymerization of cyclic allylic sulfides: liquid monomers with low polymerization volume shrinkage', Journal of Polymer Science, Part A Polymer Chemistry, 39: 202-215.

Ganachaud F, Monteiro MJ, Gilbert RG, Dourges M-A, Thang SH, Rizzardo E, 2000, 'Molecular Weight Characterization of Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) Prepared by Living Free-Radical Polymerization', Macromolecules, 33: 6738-6745.

Harrisson S, Davis TP, Evans RA, Rizzardo E, 2000, 'Chain Transfer in the Sulfur-Centered Free Radical Ring-Opening Polymerization of 3-Methylene-6-methyl-1,5-dithiacyclooctane', Macromolecules, 33: 9553-9560.

Nakamura T, Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Suyama S, 2000, 'Thermal Decomposition Mechanisms of tert-Alkyl Peroxypivalates Studied by the Nitroxide Radical Trapping Technique', Journal of Organic Chemistry, 65: 16-23.
Moad G, Chiefari J, Chong YK, Krstina, J, Mayadunne RTA, Postma A, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 2000, 'Living free radical polymerization with reversible addition – fragmentation chain transfer (the life of RAFT)', Polymer International, 49: 993-1001.

Rizzardo E, Chiefari J, Mayadunne RTA, Moad G, Thang SH, 2000, 'Synthesis of defined polymers by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer: the RAFT process', ACS Symposium Series, Controlled/Living Radical Polymerization, 768: 278-296.

Cass P, Pratt K, Mann T, Laslett B, Rizzardo E, Burford R, 1999, 'Investigation of methylaluminoxane as a cocatalyst for the polymerization of 1,3-butadiene to high cis-1,4-polybutadiene', Journal of Polymer Science, Part A Polymer Chemistry, 37: 3277-3284.

Chiefari J, Jeffery J, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1999, 'Preparation of macromonomers via chain transfer - with and without added chain transfer agent', Polymer Preprints, American Chemical Society, Division of Polymer Chemistry, 40: 344-345.

Chiefari J, Jeffery J, Mayadunne RTA, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1999, 'Chain Transfer to Polymer: A Convenient Route to Macromonomers', Macromolecules, 32: 7700-7702.

Chong YK, Ercole F, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Anderson AG, 1999, 'Imidazolidinone Nitroxide-Mediated Polymerization', Macromolecules, 32: 6895-6903.

Goto A, Sato K, Fukuda T, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1999, 'Mechanism and kinetics of RAFT (reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer)-based controlled radical polymerization of styrene', Polymer Preprints, American Chemical Society, Division of Polymer Chemistry, 40: 397-398.

Rizzardo E, Chiefari J, Chong BYK, Ercole F, Krstina J, Jeffery J, Le TPT, Mayadunne RTA, Meijs GF, Moad CL, Moad G, Thang SH, 1999, 'Tailored polymers by free radical processes', Macromolecular Symposia, 143: 291-307.

Thang SH, Chong YK, Mayadunne RTA, Moad G, Rizzardo E, 1999, 'A novel synthesis of functional dithioesters, dithiocarbamates, xanthates and trithiocarbonates', Tetrahedron Letters, 40: 2435-2438.

Bray T, Damiris S, Grace A, Moad G, O'Shea M, Rizzardo E, Van Diepen G, 1998, 'Developments in the synthesis of maleated polyolefins by reactive extrusion', Macromolecular Symposia, 129: 109-118.

Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Nakamura T, Monteiro MJ, Rizzardo E, Sayama S, Thang SH, Van Le P, Zayas-Holdsworth CI, 1998, 'Improving the knowledge and design of end groups in polymers produced by free radical polymerization', Polymers for Advanced Technologies, 9: 94-100.

Davis T, Heuts H, Moad G, Rizzardo E, 1998, 'The quest for control in free-radical polymerization', Chemistry in Australia, 65: 12-15.

Davis T, Heuts H, Moad G, Rizzardo E, 1998, 'The quest for control in free-radical polymerization', Chemistry in Australia, 65: 12-15.

Moad G, Anderson AG, Ercole F, Johnson CHJ, Krstina J, Moad CL, Rizzardo E, Spurling TH, Thang SH, 1998, 'Controlled-growth free-radical polymerization of methacrylate esters: reversible chain transfer versus reversible termination', ACS Symposium Series, Controlled Radical Polymerization,685: 332-360.

Nakamura T, Suyama S, Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1998, 'Initiation mechanisms for radical polymerization of styrene and methyl methacrylate with highly substituted peroxypivalate initiators', Polymer, 40: 1395-1401.

Moad G, Ercole F, Krstina J, Moad CL, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1997, 'Controlled growth free radical polymerization of methacrylate esters-reversible chain transfer vs. reversible termination', Polymer Preprints, American Chemical Society, Division of Polymer Chemistry, 38: 744-745.

Nakamura T, Watanabe Y, Tezuka H, Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Suyama S, 1997, 'A novel organic peroxyester as an exclusive source of tert-butyl radicals', Chemistry Letters, 11: 1093-1094.

Nakamura T, Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Suyama S, 1997, 'Initiation mechanisms in radical polymerization: reaction of tert-alkyl peroxypivalates with methyl methacrylate', Macromolecules, 30: 2843-2847.

Nakamura T, Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Suyama S, 1997, 'Reaction of tert-Alkoxyl and Alkyl Radicals with Styrene Studied by the Nitroxide Radical-Trapping Technique', _Journal of Organic Chemistry _, 62: 5578-5582.

Nakamura T, Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Suyama S, 1997, 'Free Radical Initiation Mechanisms in the Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate and Styrene with 1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl Peroxypivalate: Addition of Neopentyl Radicals', Journal of the American Chemical Society, 119: 10987-10991.

Collins DJ, Dosen M, Fallon GD, Jacobs HA, Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, 1996, 'The conformation of crystalline bis3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2,2,4,4-tetramethylpentan-3-yl oxalate', Australian Journal of Chemistry, 49: 1171-1174.

Evans RA, Rizzardo E, 1996, 'Free-Radical Ring-Opening Polymerization of Cyclic Allylic Sulfides', Macromolecules, 29: 6983-6989.

Krstina J, Moad CL, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Berge CT, Fryd M, 1996, 'A new form of controlled growth free radical polymerization', Macromolecular Symposia, 111: 13-23.

Moad CL, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1996, 'Chain Transfer Activity of w-Unsaturated Methyl Methacrylate Oligomers', Macromolecules, 29: 7717-7726.

Nakamura T, Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Suyama S, 1996, 'Initiation mechanisms for radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate with tert-butyl peroxypivalate', Journal of the American Chemical Society_, 118: 10824-10828.

Nakamura T, Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, Suyama S, 1996, 'Advantage of Using tert-Hexyl Peroxypivalate as an Initiator for the Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate', Macromolecules, 29: 8975-8976.

Rizzardo E, Chong YK, Evans RA, Moad G, Thang SH, 1996, 'Control of polymer structure by chain transfer processes', Macromolecular Symposia, 111: 1-11.

Krstina J, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Winzor, CL, Berge CT, Fryd M, 1995, 'Narrow Polydispersity Block Copolymers by Free-Radical Polymerization in the Presence of Macromonomers', Macromolecules, 28: 5381-5385.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, 1995, 'Alkoxyamine-Initiated Living Radical Polymerization: Factors Affecting Alkoxyamine Homolysis Rates', Macromolecules, 28: 8722-8728.

Molphy M, Mainwaring DE, Rizzardo E, Gunatillake PA, Laslett RL, 1995, 'Surface modification of kaolin. 2. Enhanced steric stabilization of polymer-modified kaolin', Polymer International, 37: 53-61.

Rizzardo E, Meijs GF, Thang SH, 1995, 'Chain transfer by radical addition-fragmentation mechanisms: synthesis of macromonomers and end-functional oligomers', Macromolecular Symposia, 98: 101-123.

Wilczek L, McCord EF, Hansen J, Raffell KD, Fuller RE, Jackson C, Harrison D, Rizzardo E, 1995, 'Copolymerization of methyl methacrylate macromonomers for controlled architecture polymers', Polymer Preprints, American Chemical Society, Division of Polymer Chemistry, 36: 106-107.

Appleby T, Cser F, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Stavropoulos C, 1994, 'Compatibilization of polystyrene-polyolefin blends. Impact properties', Polymer Bulletin (Berlin), 32: 479-485.

Brandwood A, Meijs GF, Gunathillake PA, Noble KR, Schimdhelm K, Rizzardo E, 1994, 'Vivo evaluation of polyurethanes based on novel macrodiols and MDI', Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition, 6: 41-54.

Evans RA, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1994, 'New Free-Radical Ring-Opening Acrylate Monomers', Macromolecules, 27: 7935-7937.

Molphy M, Laslett RL, Gunatillake PA, Rizzardo E, Mainwaring DE, 1994, 'Surface modification of kaolin. 1. Covalent attachment of polyethylene glycol using a urethane linker', Polymer International, 34: 425-431.

Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Thang SH, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1993, 'Comparison of initiation mechanisms for polymerization initiated by primary, secondary and tertiary alkoxyl radicals', European Polymer Journal, 29: 397-400.

Gunatillake PA, Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, McCarthy SJ, Chatelier RC, Brandwood A, Schindhelm K, 1993, 'Novel poly(ether urethane urea) elastomers based on alpha,alpha,alpha,alpha-tetramethyl-m-xylene diisocyanate: synthesis, characterization, processability, and hydrolytic stability', Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 47: 199-210.

Meijs GF, McCarthy SJ, Rizzardo E, Chen YC, Chatelier RC, Brandwood A, Schindhelm K, 1993, 'Degradation of medical-grade polyurethane elastomers: The effect of hydrogen peroxide in vitro', Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, 27: 345-356.

Brandwood A, Noble KR, Schindhelm K, Meijs GF, Gunatillake PA, Chatelier RC, McCarthy SJ, Rizzardo E, 1992, 'A comparison of in vivo degradation of novel polyurethanes with performance in in vitro accelerated tests', 59-66.

Brandwood A, Noble KR, Schindhelm K, Meijs GF, Gunatillake PA, Chatelier RC, McCarthy SJ, Rizzardo E, 1992, 'Influence of stress on biodegradation of novel biomedical polyurethanes', Advances in Biomaterials, 10: 413-419.

Gunatillake PA, Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, Chatelier RC, McCarthy SJ, Brandwood A, Schindhelm K, 1992, 'Polyurethane elastomers based on novel polyether macrodiols and MDI: synthesis, mechanical properties, and resistance to hydrolysis and oxidation', Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 46: 319-328.

Gunatillake PA, Meijs GF, Chatelier RC, McIntosh DM, Rizzardo E, 1992, 'Synthesis and characterization of hydroxy-terminated poly(alkylene oxides) by condensation polymerization of diols', Polymer International, 27: 275-283.

Laslett RL, Wansbrough KM, Rizzardo E, Singh S, Mainwaring DE, 1992, 'Modification of kaolinite by surface polymerization', Polymer International, 28: 19-23.

Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1992, 'Synthesis of end functional polymers using allylic peroxide chain transfer agents', Polymer Preprints, American Chemical Society, Division of Polymer Chemistry, 33: 893-894.

Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, Le TPT, Chen YC, 1992, 'Influence of thionoesters on the degree of polymerization of styrene, methyl acrylate, methyl methacrylate and vinyl acetate', Makromolekulare Chemie, 193: 369-378.

Meijs GF, Gunatillake PA, Rizzardo E, McCarthy SJ, Chatelier RC, Brandwood A, Schindhelm K, 1992, 'Improved polymers for medical implants - polyurethanes', _ Proc. of the Pacific Polymer Conference 1992_, 213-221.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, Beckwith ALJ, 1992, 'Absolute rate constants for radical-monomer reactions: the nitroxide method', Polymer Bulletin (Berlin), 29: 647-652.

Bottle S, Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Skelton BW, White AH, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1991, 'Unexpected products from the reaction of tert-butoxyl radicals with acetylenes in the presence of an aminoxyl radical scavenger', Journal of the Chemical Society, 7: 1001-1007.

Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, Thang SH, 1991, 'Initiation mechanisms in radical polymerization: reaction of isopropoxyl radicals with methyl methacrylate',_ Journal of the Chemical Society_, 6: 1351-1354.

Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, Le TPT, 1991, 'New chain transfer agents for free radical polymerizations', Polymer International, 26: 239-244.

Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, 1991, 'Thiohydroxamic esters. A new class of polymerization regulator', Polymer Bulletin (Berlin), 26: 291-295.

Meijs GF, Morton TC, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1991, 'The use of substituted allylic sulfides to prepare end-functional polymers of controlled molecular weight by free-radical polymerization', Macromolecules, 24: 3689-3695.

Rizzardo E, Harrison DS, Laslett RL, Meijs GF, Morton TC, Thang SH, 1991, 'Macromonomers with activated allyl end groups: synthesis and copolymerization', 77-88.

Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1990, 'Chain transfer activity of some activated allylic compounds', Polymer Bulletin (Berlin), 24: 501-505.

Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, 1990, 'The use of activated benzyl vinyl ethers to control molecular weight in free radical polymerizations', Makromolekulare Chemie, 191: 1545-1553.

Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, 1990, 'Reactivity of macromonomers in free radical polymerization', Journal of Macromolecular Science, Reviews in Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, C30: 305-377.

Bottle S, Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Thang SH, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1989, 'The mechanism of initiation in the free radical polymerization of N-vinylcarbazole and N-vinylpyrrolidone', European Polymer Journal, 25: 671-676.

Jones MJ, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1989, 'The philicity of tert-butoxy radicals. What factors are important in determining the rate and regiospecificity of tert-butoxy radical addition to olefins?', Journal of Organic Chemistry, 54: 1607-1611.

Kershaw JR, Edmond L, Rizzardo E, 1989, 'Diels-Alder reactions of partially dehydrochlorinated PVC in solution and in the melt', Polymer, 30: 360-363.

Bednarek D, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1988, 'End groups of poly(methyl methacrylate-co-styrene) prepared with tert-butoxy, methyl, and/or phenyl radical initiation: effects of solvent, monomer composition, and conversion', Macromolecules, 21: 1522-1528.

Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Thang SH, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1988, 'Initiation mechanisms in radical polymerization: reaction of tert-butoxy radicals with allyl acrylate and with diallyl ether', Journal of the Chemical Society, 3: 485-490.

Cook WD, Rizzardo E, 1988, 'Polymer science in the dental chair', Chemistry in Australia, 55: 437-440.

Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, Thang SH, 1988, 'Preparation of controlled-molecular-weight, olefin-terminated polymers by free radical methods. Chain transfer using allylic sulfides', Macromolecules, 21: 3122-3124.

Meijs GF, Rizzardo E, 1988, 'Chain transfer by an addition-fragmentation mechanism - the use of alpha -benzyloxystyrene for the preparation of low-molecular-weight poly(methyl methacrylate) and polystyrene', Makromolekulare Chemie, Rapid Communications, 9: 547-551.

Meisters A, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1988, 'Thermal stability of poly(methyl methacrylate)', Polymer Bulletin (Berlin), 20: 499-503.

Beckwith ALJ, Bowry VW, O'Leary M, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1986, 'Kinetic data for coupling of primary alkyl radicals with a stable nitroxide', Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, 13: 1003-1004.

Cacioli P, Hawthorne DG, Laslett RL, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1986, 'Copolymerization of w-unsaturated oligo(methyl methacrylate): new macromonomers', Journal of Macromolecular Science, Chemistry , A23: 839-852.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, Johns SR, Willing RI, 1986, '13C-1H heteronuclear chemical shift correlation spectroscopy applied to poly(methyl carbonyl-13Cmethacrylate): an unambiguous method for assigning resonances to configurational sequences', Macromolecules, 19: 2494-2497.

Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Thang SH, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1985, 'Initiation mechanisms in radical polymerization: reaction of tert-butoxy radicals with allyl methacrylate', Australian Journal of Chemistry, 38: 689-698.

Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Thang SH, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1985, 'Reaction of tert-butoxy radicals with norbornadiene', Tetrahedron Letters, 26: 5081-5084.

Busfield WK, Jenkins ID, Thang SH, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1985, 'Slow nitrogen inversion-nitrogen-oxygen rotation in 2-alkoxy-1,1,3,3-tetramethylisoindolines', Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, 18: 1249-1250.

Cacioli P, Hawthorne D G, Johns SR, Solomon DH, Rizzardo E, Willing RI, 1985, 'The detection of preferred conformations in oligomers of methyl methacrylate in solution by proton NMR 2D-correlation spectroscopy',_ Journal of the Chemical Society_, Chemical Communications, 19: 1355-1356.

Cuthbertson MJ, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1985, 'The addition of tert-butoxy radicals to haloolefins', Australian Journal of Chemistry, 38: 315-324.

Grant RD, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1985,'Reactions of hydroxyl radical with polymerizable olefins', Journal of the Chemical Society, 3: 379-384.

Cacioli P, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Serelis AK, Solomon DH, 1984, 'The use of model compounds in interpreting the thermal degradation of poly(methyl methacrylate). Effect of groups produced during termination of polymerization', Polymer Bulletin (Berlin), 11: 325-328.

Grant RD, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1984, 'Reaction of tert-butoxyl radicals with electron-rich alpha -methylvinyl monomers', Makromolekulare Chemie, 185: 1809-1817.

Grant RD, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1984, '2-(Tert-Butylazo)-2-propyl hydroperoxide: a convenient source of hydroxyl radicals in organic media', Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, 13: 867-868.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, Johns SR, Willing RI, 1984, 'Application of carbon-13-labeled initiators and carbon-13 NMR to the study of the kinetics and efficiency of initiation of styrene polymerization', Makromolekulare Chemie, Rapid Communications, 5: 793-798.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1984, 'Evaluation of end groups in poly(methyl methacrylate-co-styrene) by carbon-13 NMR', Polymer Bulletin (Berlin), 12: 471-474.

Chong YK, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1983, 'Confirmation of the Mayo mechanism for the initiation of the thermal polymerization of styrene', Journal of the American Chemical Society, 105: 7761-7762.

Cuthbertson MJ, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1983, 'The reactions of tert-butoxyl with unsaturated hydrocarbons: structure and reactivity of allylic radicals', Australian Journal of Chemistry, 36: 1957-1973.

Grant RD, Griffiths PG, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1983, 'Solvent effects on the reaction of tert-butoxy radicals with methyl methacrylate', Australian Journal of Chemistry, 36: 2447-2454.

Griffiths PG, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1983, 'Synthesis of the radical scavenger 1,1,3,3-tetramethylisoindolin-2-yloxyl', Australian Journal of Chemistry, 36: 397-401.

Johns SR, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, Willing RI, 1983, 'Identification of end groups in polymers by a spin-echo NMR technique', Makromolekulare Chemie, Rapid Communications, 4: 29-32.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1983,'On the regioselectivity of free radical processes; reactions of benzoyloxy, phenyl and tert-butoxy radicals with some alpha ,beta -unsaturated esters', Australian Journal of Chemistry, 36: 1573-1588.

Cuthbertson MJ, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1982, 'Head addition of radicals to methyl methacrylate', Polymer Bulletin (Berlin), 6: 647-651.

Griffiths PG, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1982, 'Initiation pathways in the polymerization of alkyl methacrylates with tert-butoxy radicals', Journal of Macromolecular Science, A17: 45-50.

Griffiths PG, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1982, 'Quantitative studies on free radical reactions with the scavenger 1,1,3,3-tetramethylisoindolinyl-2-oxy', Tetrahedron Letters, 23: 1309-1312.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1982, 'The reaction of benzoyloxy radicals with styrene – implications concerning the structure of polystyrene', Journal of Macromolecular Science, A17: 51-59.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1982, 'Selectivity of the reaction of free radicals with styrene', Macromolecules, 15: 909-914.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1982, 'A product study of the nitroxide inhibited thermal polymerization of styrene', Polymer Bulletin (Berlin), 6: 589-593.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1982, 'Reactions of benzoyloxyl radicals with some common vinyl monomers', Makromolekulare Chemie, Rapid Communications, 3: 533-536.

Rizzardo E, Serelis AK, Solomon DH, 1982, 'Initiation mechanisms in radical polymerizations: reaction of cumyloxy radicals with methyl methacrylate and styrene', Australian Journal of Chemistry, 35: 2013-2024.

Solomon DH, Cuthbertson MJ, Griffiths PG, Hawthorne DG, Moad G, Rizzardo E, Serelis AK, 1982, 'New studies on the structural irregularities of common vinyl polymers', 116.

Moad G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1981, 'The reaction of acyl peroxides with 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl 1-oxide', Tetrahedron Letters, 22: 1165-1168.

Quint G, Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, Spurling TH, 1981, 'Acid-induced free-radical decomposition of hydroperoxides: quantum-mechanical calculations', Journal of Macromolecular Science, A15: 527-532.

Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1980, 'Acid-induced free-radical decomposition of hydroperoxides: polymerization of methyl methacrylate with tert-butyl hydroperoxide and sulfuric acid', Journal of Macromolecular Science, A14: 33-50.

Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1979, 'Determination of tert-butoxy endgroups in polymers: the mode of reaction of tert-butoxy radicals with methyl methacrylate and styrene', Journal of Macromolecular Science, A13: 1005-1013.

Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1979, 'Improved procedure for dye-partition analysis of hydroxy endgroups in polymers', Journal of Macromolecular Science, A13: 997-1003.

Rizzardo E, Solomon DH, 1979, 'A new method for investigating the mechanism of initiation of radical polymerization', Polymer Bulletin (Berlin), 1: 529-534.

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